Isaac I. Hayes Papers

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Collection Title: Isaac I. Hayes Papers

Collection Number: Ms. Coll. 135

Dates of Collection: 1844-1882

Repositiory: Chester County Historical Society, West Chester, PA 19380

Language: English

Project Archivist: Heidi Benedict

Biography:

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Biography: 

Isaac Israel Hayes (1832-1881), physician and Arctic explorer. He was born March 5, 1832, to Benjamin and Ann Borton Hayes of ChesterCounty. He attended WesttownAcademy and received his MD from the University of Pennsylvania. In 1853 he sailed as surgeon in the second Arctic expedition of Elisha Kent Kane. Hayes undertook his own expedition in 1860-1861. Upon his return he enlisted in the Union Army as a surgeon. He made a third voyage to the Arctic in 1869, joining artist William Bradford on an expedition to Greenland. Hayes published several books about his Arctic experiences, including The Open Polar Sea, Arctic Boat Journey, Cast Away in the Cold, The Land of Desolation, and Picture of Arctic Travel. As a member of the New York Assembly (1875-1881), he was active in canal affairs and the promotion of the Hudson River Tunnel. Hayes died on December 17, 1881, in New York.

Sources: ChesterCounty newspaper clippings files and Dictionary of Biography

Collection Scope:

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Collection Scope: 

The collection includes letters written by, written to, and concerning Isaac I. Hayes, as well as manuscripts of his unpublished works and notes taken by him regarding his readings. 

Collection Arrangement:

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Collection Arrangement: 

The letters written by him are arranged chronologically and the letters written to him are arranged alphabetically by the sender’s surname. His unpublished manuscripts are arranged alphabetically.

Collection Contents:

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Collection Contents: 

 BOX 1.

Correspondence

Family Correspondence of Isaac Hayes

Dates: 1844-1882

Quantity: 1 folder

Arrangement: chronological

Contents Description:

Includes letters written by Isaac Hayes to his mother, father, and brother before leaving on 1853, 1860, and 1874 expeditions. Also includes letters of and to other family members, several of which are in regard to Hayes’ death.

Folder 1: 1844-1882, 13 items

  • Letter of [?], September 9, 1844, regarding the death of Isaac Hayes, grandfather of Isaac I. Hayes.
  • Letters (4) to Mother, Father, and Brother, May-July 1853, prior to making his first Arctic expedition, with Mr. Kane.
  • Letter of Edward Hayes (brother), May 5, 1857 to Isaac.
  • Letter to Mother, June 10, 1860, upon preparing for Arctic expedition, including newspaper clipping from the National Intelligencer.
  • Letter of Isaac H. Shields, February 20, 1872 to Cousin Annie, inviting her to visit him in Richmond.
  • Letter to Father, July 6, 1874, prior to 6 week trip to Iceland, scheduled to depart on July 20. He mostly comments on landscape and farms observed on trip from Liverpool to London.
  • Letter to Sister, July 24, 1874, from [ ? ].
  • Letters (2) to Benjamin Hayes (father), April 8, 1882 and January 28, 1884, regarding resolutions passed on the death of Isaac.
  • Letter of Benjamin Hayes (father), December 31, 1881, thanking the American Geographical Society for its sympathy and resolutions (copy included).
  • Letter of Edward, December 25, 1881 to Father, regarding the death of Isaac.
  • Letter of J. Barclay Fassitt, March 30, 1882 to Miss Hayes, regarding the death of Isaac.

Letters, 18556-1877, written by Isaac I. Hayes

Quantity: 4 folders

Arrangement: Chronological, except for undated letters which are arranged by recipient’s surname.

Contents Description:

Letters written by Isaac I. Hayes, including multiple letters to A. D. Bache; Brown, Taggard, and Chase; William Parker Foulke; Redpath and Fall; S. J. McCormick; August Sonntag; [?] Wilson; and one letter from Dr. Elisha Kent Kane. Topics include expedition plans, funding requests, speaking engagements, finances, and publications.

Folder 2: 1856-1861, 13 items

  • January 31, 1856, to Prof. B. Howard Rand
  • January 12, 1857, to Hon. S. F. Mallory
  • February 1858, to Mr. Parker Foulke
  • August 14, 1860, to Dr. Longshore
  • April 28, 1860, to Dr. C. J. Jackson
  • June 30, 1860, to August Sonntag [astronomer]
  • August 14, 1860, to Patrons of the Expedition
  • September 11, 1860, to S. J. McCormick [sailing master]
  • August 16, 1861, to Dr. Rudolph
  • April 24, 1862, to Prof. Bache
  • April 28, 1862, to Henry G. Radcliffe [assistant astronomer]
  • April 19, 1863, to Col. R. C. Wood
  • May 4, 1863, to Mr. [Rogers?]

Folder 3: 1862-1872, 17 items

  • July 20, [1868], to [Arctic Traveller]
  • November 17, 1868, [to ?]
  • May 30, 1869, to James Redpath
  • January 8, 1870, to Mr. [Muniford]
  • February 25, 1870, [to ?]
  • June 13, 1871, to Redpath and Fall
  • October 21, 1871, [to ?]
  • December 1, 1871, [to ?]
  • April 2, 1872, to Redpath and Fall
  • July 3, 1872, [to ?]
  • January 30, 1872, [to ?]
  • November 8, 1872, to Redpath and Fall
  • November 8, 1872, [to ?]
  • November 20, 1872, to Redpath and Fall
  • November 26, 1872, to Redpath and Fall
  • December 12, 1872, [to ?]
  • December 14, 1872, [to ?]

Folder 4: 1873-1877, 18 items

  • February 7, 1873, to Redpath and Fall
  • February 11, 1873, to Mr. Fall
  • February 13, 1873, to Mr. Fall
  • March 3, 1873, to Redpath and Fall
  • March 14, 1873, to Redpath and Fall
  • May 9, 1873, to Redpath and Fall
  • May 21, 1873, to Redpath
  • June 11, 1873, to Redpath and Fall
  • June 19, 1873, to Redpath
  • October 11, 1873, to Redpath
  • October 28, 1873 to [Bur?]
  • November 18, 1873, to [Bur?]
  • December 24, 1873, to Redpath
  • December 20, 1873 to [Bur?]
  • January 14, 1874, to [Halloway]
  • April 6, 1873, to Redpath
  • June 17, 1874, to Mr. Field, with prospectus and proof copy of cover
  • January 19, 1877, to Mr. Frances Gibbon

Folder 5: 5 items

Undated letters to Mr. [Butler], Mr. E.C. [Chapman], Mr. Redpath, and August Sonntag.

Letters, 1858-1881, written to Isaac I. Hayes

Quantity: 6 folders

Arrangement: Alphabetical by senders’ surname

Contents description: Letters are primarily business related. Topics include expedition plans, speaking engagements, finances, and publications.

Folder 6:    [not signed]-Crothers, 24 items

Folder 7:    Darlington et. al.-Horn, 19 items

Folder 8:    Howland & Aspinwall-Mannoir, 15 items

Folder 9:   [Nae]-Rudolph, 13 items

Folder 10: [Sch?]-Sonntag, 13 items

Folder 11: [Sonnenberg]-Wilson, 11 items

Other Letters, 1857-1874

Folder 12: 1857-1874, 13 items, chronological

Includes other letters regarding Isaac I. Hayes, but not written by or to him. Several letters refer to gold medals awarded to Dr. Hayes by the Royal Geographical Society (London) and the Geographic Society of Paris. Others letters discuss the use of a “captive balloon” (E.B. Hunt, 1860), photographs of the Arctic expedition (1863), finances, and speaking engagements. Also included is a letter (1873) regarding on the woolen industry and a letter from Augustus Petermann (1876) regarding an expedition to the North Pole.

 Miscellaneous Papers, 1859-1879

Folder 13: 1859-1879, 8 items, chronological

Includes draft of proposal to raise funds for 1860 expedition, draft of remarks made before New York Assembly regarding the reduction of salaries in New York City, and invitations and receipts.

Drawings of Isaac I. Hayes

Folder 14: n.d., 15 items

Sketches of ships, maps, and landscape, including a pencil sketch of Salix Arctica, Arctic Willow.

Writings and Notes of Isaac I. Hayes

Dates: n.d.

Quantity: 4 folders

Folder 15: 17 items

Poetry

Folder 16: 10 items

Odd pages from articles and books

Folder 17: 3 items

Translations. Folder includes “Monsieur de Philomele by Madame Emile Girardin” and of pieces by Peter Martyr.

Folder 18: 6 items

Miscellaneous excerpts, etc.

 

BOX 2.

Writings, Manuscripts of Unpublished Works

Dates: n.d.

Quantity: 9 folders

Arrangement: Alphabetical by title

Folder 19: The Adventures of Paul Disco

Folder 20: Bessie Blake

Folder 21: The Bride of Brediford

 

BOX 3.

Writings, Manuscripts of Unpublished Works

Folder 22: Dr. Molkes Friends (2 different drafts, both beginning with “chapter iv”)

Folder 23: Dublin Dane: A Tale of the Times of Old, 1878

Folder 24: The Land of the Icebergs

Folder 25: Life Under the Midnight Sun

Folder 26: The Northwest Passage

Folder 27: The Viking (chapter 1)

Additional material located in the Chester County Authors Collection:

  • Pamphlet titled Argument of Simeon E. Church, Esq., Before the Judiciary Committee, April 18, 1877 on the Bill of Hon. Isaac I. Hayes, Relating to Rapid Transit in the City of New York.
  • Address on Arctic Exploration, delivered November 12, 1868, and printed in the Journal of the American Geographical and Statistical Society.
  • Das Offene Polar-Meer [German edition of The Open Polar Sea], 1868.
  • Evening Session address by Hayes before the Chester County Teachers Institute, 1869, regarding his Arctic voyage.
  • “Manners and Customs of the Esquimaux”, substance of a  paper read before the Pennsylvania Historical Society, December, 1856, printed in The Historical Magazine, and Notes and Queries, Concerning The Antiquities, History and Biography of America (vol. 1, no. 1, January 1857).
  • The Historical Magazine, and Notes and Queries, Concerning The Antiquities, History and Biography of America (vol. 1, no. 3, March 1857).
  • “Land of Desolation” and “Arctic Birds” printed in The Friend, a Religious and Literary Journal, February 24, 1872 (vol. xlv, no.27).
  • Report of Dr. Hayes’ Arctic Expedition, Made to the Philosophical Society, December 6, 1861. (2 copies)
  • “The Progress of Arctic Discovery”, address before the American Geographic and Statistical Society, New York, November 12, 1868.
  • Speeches delivered in the New York State Assembly on FreeCanals and the Freight Discrimination Bill.
  • Review of The Land of Desolation (2 copies).
  • Loose pages from one of his published books, miscellaneous newspaper clippings, and circulars.

Additional material located in the Manuscript Collection:

(See card file under “Hayes, Isaac I.” or “Hayes, I.I”.)

  • Ltr. 12044
  • Ltr. 22123
  • Mss. 4067-4072
  • Mss. 7536-7537
  • Ms. 14124
  • Ms. 14125
  • Ms. 28342
  • Ms. 28388
  • Ms. 28412
  • Ms. 28547
  • Ms. 31245
  • Ms. 31246

Additional material (newspaper clippings, 1853-1901) located in Scrapbook Collection (Box 35).

Made Possible By: 
This project made possible by a grant from IMLS Museums for America 2004-2006.